When using technology to read and interpret sentence data, there are two critical techniques needed to identify and understand the context of events and activities. The first is marking every sentence with a unique ID. The second is tagging words and punctuation for grammar and semantics.
Grammar tags simply represent the grammar of each word that most students learn in 8th grade. Semantics, on the other hand, is a bit more complex. It is the meaning of individual words or phrases. The complexity arrives when considering that words can mean many different things.
Some quick examples: “documents” can mean the action of documenting something (e.g. “Mary documents the information”) or the plural of “document” (e.g. “Mary receive several documents each day”). “Head on” is a more complex example. “John hit his head on the windshield” is referring to John’s head. “John was in a head on accident” is referring to the type of accident.
Semantics enables the labeling of words according to a user’s specific needs in order to accommodate a variety of situations encountered.